The Study of Application-Based Ojek Presence Impact on Urban Spaces in CBD Area in Jakarta, Indonesia
Author: Tubagus M. Aziz Soelaiman, Rd. Winton Danardi, Adrianto Santoso
Presented in: the 4th International Conference on Indonesian Architecture and Planning (ICIAP) in University Gajah Mada (UGM), Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Since the emergence of application-based ojek, Indonesian big cities are more dependent on technology and feel the phenomenon is a growing innovation in response to efficiency in meeting people needs. This study investigates the influence of the proliferation of application-based ojek on urban spaces. One of Central Business District (CBD) area in Jakarta is chosen as object study since the application-based ojek users are mostly occurred in city centre area. The results should assist urban designers and planners in creating better urban design guidelines or detailed spatial planning (RDTR) by providing design principles that accommodate the presence of application-based ojek in urban spaces. Spatial observation as qualitative methods were conducted in this study, as well as quantitative methods such as pedestrian counting and mapping. The results show that application-based ojek has reduced preferable walking distance, from public transportation node to the main destination. In the end, the presence of application-based ojek in urban spaces has changed the moving habit and paradigm of pedestrian, streetscape or programming needs in urban space, and public transportation system in CBD area in Jakarta, and it should be accommodated in urban planning and design process to reduce any negative tendencies in developing the quality of our cities.